ALLIANCE IN THE INTELLECTUAL STRUGGLE
The Terrible Alliance Between Darwin And Fascism
Nazism was born in the chaos of the Germany which
emerged defeated from the First World War. The leader of the party
was the angry and aggressive Adolf Hitler. Racism formed the basis
of Hitler's world view. Hitler believed that the Aryan race, the
fundamental element of the German nation, was superior to all the
other races and had to rule them. He dreamed that the Aryan race
would found a world empire that would last 1,000 years.
The scientific support Hitler found for these racist
theories was Darwin's theory of evolution.
Hitler's most important idea-moulder, the racist
German historian Heinrich von Treitschke, was strongly affected
by Darwin's theory of evolution and based his racist views on Darwinism.
He used to say, "Nations can only develop by violent competition
like Darwin's survival of the fittest," and declared that this meant
lasting and inevitable war. His view was that, "Conquering by the
sword is a way of bringing civilisation to barbarism and knowledge
to ignorance." He thought: "The yellow races have no understanding
of artistic ability and political freedom. It is the destiny of
the black races to serve the whites and to be the target of the
whites' loathing for all eternity..." (Alaeddin Senel, Irk ve Irkçilik
Düsüncesi (The Idea of Race and Racism), Ankara:Bilim ve Sanat Yayinlari,
While Hitler was developing his theories he drew
inspiration, like Treitschke, from Darwin and particularly Darwin's
idea of the fight for survival. The title of his notorious book
Mein Kampf ("My Struggle") was inspired by the idea of this fight
for survival. Just like Darwin, Hitler gave non-European races the
status of monkeys, and said, "Take away the Nordic Germans and nothing
remains but the dance of apes." (Carl Cohen, Communism, Fascism
and Democracy, Random House, New York, 1972)
In the 1933 Nuremberg party rally, Hitler proclaimed
that "a higher race subjects to itself a lower race... a right which
we see in nature and which can be regarded as the sole conceivable
right," because it was founded on science. (J. Tenenbaum, Race and
Reich, Twayne Pub., New York, p. 211,)
Hitler, who believed in the superiority of the
Aryan race, believed that the superiority of this race was given
to it by nature. In Mein Kampf he wrote the following:
The Jews formed a sub-human counter race, predestined
by their biological heritage to evil, just as the Nordic race was
designated for nobility... History would culminate in a new millennial
empire of unparalleled splendour, based on a new racial hierarchy
ordained by nature herself. (L.H. Gann, "Adolf Hitler, The Complete
Totalitarian", The Intercollegiate Review, Fall 1985, p. 24; cited
in Henry M. Morris, The Long war Against God, Baker Book House,
1989, p. 78)
Hitler, who thought that human beings were highly
developed animals, believed that instead of allowing natural forces
and chance, in a word coincidence, to control evolution, it was
necessary to take the management of it into his own hands to develop
the human race. And this was the ultimate aim of the Nazi movement.
In order to realise this aim, the first step was to separate, to
isolate, the inferior races from the Aryan race, the race they believed
to be superior.
At this point the Nazis moved to the implementation
of Darwinism, and took as their example the "theory of eugenics"
which itself had its origins in Darwinism.
The Theory of Eugenics Was
Based on Darwin's Ideas
The theory of eugenics, which emerged in the first
half of the 20th century, meant the weeding out of sick and handicapped
people and the "improving" of the human race by increasing the number
of healthy individuals. According to the theory of eugenics, in
the same way that better kinds of animals can be produced by mating
healthy animals with each other, so the human race could be improved
in the same way.
As might be expected, those who put forward the
eugenics programme were Darwinists. At the head of the eugenics
wave in England came Charles Darwin's cousin, Francis Galton, and
his son Leonard Darwin.
It was clear that the idea of eugenics was a natural
result of Darwinism. In fact, this truth was awarded special importance
in those publications which supported eugenics, "Eugenics is man's
taking charge of his own evolution," it was said.
Kenneth Ludmerer, a medical historian at Washington
University, noted that the idea of eugenics is as old as Plato's
Republic but he also added that Darwinism was the reason for the
rise in interest in the idea in the 19th century:
... modern eugenics thought arose only in the nineteenth
century. The emergence of interest in eugenics during that century
had multiple roots. The most important was the theory of evolution,
for Francis Galton's ideas on eugenics-and it was he who created
the term "eugenics"-were a direct logical outgrowth of the scientific
doctrine elaborated by his cousin, Charles Darwin. (K. Ludmerer.,
Eugenics, In: Encyclopedia of Bioethics, Edited by Mark Lappe, The
Free Press, New York, p. 457, 1978; cited by Jerry Bergman, Darwinism
and the Nazi Race Holocaust, www.trueorigin.org/holocaust.htm)
In Germany the first person to be influenced by
and to spread eugenics was the famous evolutionary biologist Ernst
Haeckel. Haeckel was a close friend and supporter of Darwin. To
support the theory of evolution, he put forward the claim "recapitulation,"
which proposed that the embryos of different living creatures resembled
one another. It later emerged that Haeckel had falsified the data
when putting forward this claim.
While Haeckel was on the one hand making scientific
forgeries of this kind, on the other he was putting forward eugenic
propaganda. He suggested that newly-born handicapped children should
be killed forthwith and that this would speed up the evolution of
society. He went even further, claiming that lepers and people with
cancer and mental illnesses should be painlessly killed, or else
these people would be a burden on society and would slow down evolution.
The American researcher George Stein summed up
Haeckel's blind allegiance to the theory of evolution in an article
of his in the magazine American Scientist in this way:
... [Haeckel] argued that Darwin was correct ...
humankind had unquestionably evolved from the animal kingdom. Thus,
and here the fatal step was taken in Haeckel's first major exposition
of Darwinism in Germany, humankind's social and political existence
is governed by the laws of evolution, natural selection, and biology,
as clearly shown by Darwin. To argue otherwise was backward superstition.
(G. Stein, Biological science and the roots of Nazism, American
Scientist 76(1):p. 54, 1988; cited by Jerry Bergman, Darwinism and
the Nazi Race Holocaust, http://www.trueorigin.org/holocaust.htm)
Haeckel died in 1919. But his ideas were inherited
by the Nazis. Shortly after Hitler came to power an official eugenics
programme was initiated. Hitler summed up the new policy in these
In the popular state, the education of the mind
and the body will play an important role, but human selection is
just as important. ...The state has the responsibility of declaring
as unfit for reproductive purposes anyone who is obviously ill or
genetically unsound. ... and must carry through with this responsibility
ruthlessly without respect to understanding or lack of understanding
on the part of anyone. ...Stopping reproduction of the bodily degenerate
or psychically ill for a period of only 600 years would lead ...to
an improvement in human health which can hardly be envisaged today.
If the fertility of the healthiest members of the race were realized
and planned the result would be a race which ... would have lost
the seeds of bodily and spiritual decay which we now carry. (Adolf
Hitler, Mein Kampf, München: Verlag Franz Eher Nachfolger, 1993,
p. 44, 447-448; cited by A.E. Wilder Smith, Man's Origin Man's Destiny,
The Word For Today Publishing 1993, pp. 163-164)
As a necessity of this policy of Hitler's, the
mentally ill, the disabled, the blind from birth, and those with
genetic diseases in German society, were rounded up in special "sterilisation
centres." These people were regarded as parasites harmful to the
purity and evolutionary progress of the German race. A while later
in fact, these people who were removed from society began to be
killed by secret order of Hitler.
These murders were presented as perfectly reasonable
and those who were accepted as genetically inferior were described
as "unprofitable" and obstacle to the development of the nation.
Groups, including various races and peoples, which were seen as
inferior races slowly began to be included. Later again sick elderly
people, those with jaundice, those with serious mental defects,
the deaf and dumb, and even those with fatal diseases were included.
After the black athlete Jesse Owens won four gold medals at the
1936 Berlin Olympics, Hitler, even though he congratulated all the
competitors, refused to congratulate Jesse Owens and left the stadium.
Some evolutionists even advocated the view that women were evolutionarily
inferior to men. Dr Robert Wartenberg, later a prominent neurology
professor in California, tried to prove women's inferiority by arguing
that they could not survive unless they were 'protected by men'.
He concluded that because the weaker women were not eliminated as
rapidly due to this protection, a slower rate of evolution resulted
and for this reason natural selection was less operative on women
than men. Based on these thoughts, women in Nazi Germany were openly
prohibited from entering certain professions. (P. Weindling, Health,
Race and German Policies Between National Unification and Nazism
1870-1945, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989, cited
by Jerry Bergman, Darwinism and The Nazi Race Holocaust, www.trueorigin.org/holocaust.htm)
Following the development of Darwinism and the
idea of eugenics, In Germany, "racial scientists" openly advocated
the killing of unwanted members and segments of the population.
One of these scientists, Adolf Jost, "issued an early call for direct
medical killing in a book published in 1895, Das Recht auf den Tod
(The Right to Death). Jost argued that "for the sake of the health
of the social organism, the state must take responsibility for the
death of individuals." Adolf Jost was a mentor to Adolf Hitler,
who showed himself on the political stage nearly 30 years later.
"The state must see to it that only the healthy beget children,"
Hitler said. "It must declare unfit for propagation all who are
in any way visibly sick or who have inherited a disease and can
therefore pass it on."(Theodore D. Hall, The Scientific Background
of the Nazi "Race Purification" Program, http://www.trufax.org/avoid/nazi.html
Under a law passed in 1933, 350,000 mentally ill
people, 30,000 gypsies, and hundreds of black children were sterilised
by such methods as castration, x-rays, injection, and electric shocks
to the genital area. One Nazi officer said, "National Socialism
is nothing but applied biology." (Theodore D. Hall, The Scientific
Background of the Nazi "Race Purification" Program, http://www.trufax.org/avoid/nazi.html
As well as attempting to hasten the development
of the German race by the murder of and ruthless policies directed
at innocent people, Hitler was also implementing another condition
of eugenics. Blond, blue-eyed men and women, accepted as representative
of the German race, were encouraged to form relationships and have
children. In 1935 special reproduction farms were established for
this purpose. These farms, where young girls conforming to racist
criteria were installed, were frequently visited by SS units. The
illegitimate children born on these farms were to be raised as the
soldiers of the intended 1,000-year German kingdom.
The Nazis' Aryan Racial Aberration
The Nazis again used Darwinist concepts to allegedly
prove the superiority of the Aryan race. Darwin had proposed that
as people evolved so their skulls grew larger. The Nazis embraced
this idea fiercely and set about taking skull measurements to show
that the German race was superior. In all corners of Nazi Germany
comparisons were made showing that German skulls were larger than
those of other races. Teeth, eyes, hair and other features were
evaluated with evolutionary measurements. Individuals found not
to match up to German race measurements were to be exterminated
in the name of the principles of eugenics.
All this madness was carried out in the name of
implementing Darwinist principles on society. The American historian
Michael Grodin, author of the book The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg
Code, reveals the reality in this way:
I think what happened was that there was a perfect
match of Nazi ideology and Social Darwinism and racial hygiene as
it developed in the turn of the 20th Century. (John J. Michalczyk
(editor), Nazi Medicine: In The Shadow of The Reich (documentary
film), First Run Features, New York, 1997)
George Stein explains the subject in his letter
to American Scientist magazine:
National socialism, whatever else it may have been
was ultimately the first fully self- conscious attempt to organize
a political community on a basis of an explicit biopolicy: a biopolicy
fully congruent with the scientific facts of the Darwinian revolution.
(George J. Stein, "Biological Science and the Roots of Nazism",
American Scientist, vol. 76, (January/February 1988), p. 52)
The famous evolutionist Sir Arthur Keith comments
on Hitler as follows:
The German Führer is an evolutionist; he has consciously
sought to make the practice of Germany conform to the theory of
evolution. (Sir Arthur Keith, Evolution and Ethics, New York: G.P.
Putnam's Sons, 1947, p. 14)
The author of the book Darwin: Before and After,
Robert Clarke, concluded, Adolf Hitler: "...was captivated by evolutionary
teaching - probably since the time he was a boy. Hitler reasoned
... that a higher race would always conquer a lower." (Robert Clark,
Darwin: Before and After, Grand Rapids International Press, Grand
Rapids, MI, 1958. p.115)The political philosophy of Nazi Germany
took shape under the influence of these ideas of Hitler's.
The author of the book Race and Reich, Joseph Tenenbaum
noted that the political philosophy of Germany was built on the
belief that critical for evolutionary progress were:
... struggle, selection, and survival of the fittest,
all notions and observations arrived at ... by Darwin ... but already
in luxuriant bud in the German social philosophy of the nineteenth
century. ... Thus developed the doctrine of Germany's inherent right
to rule the world on the basis of superior strength ... [of a] "hammer
and anvil" relationship between the Reich and the weaker nations.
(A. Keith, Evolution and Ethics, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York,
p 230, 1946, cited by Jerry Bergman, Darwinism and the Nazi Race
Adolf Hitler was not alone among Nazi leaders in
his "war of ideological evolution." Heinrich Himmler, head of the
Gestapo, "stated that the law of nature must take its course in
the survival of the fittest." In fact, all of the Nazi leaders were
committed both to evolution and Germanic racism, as were most German
scientists and industrialists during those dark years. (Francis
Schaeffer, How Shall We Then Live?, Old Tappan, N.J.: Revell, 1976,
p. 151; cited in Henry M. Morris, The Long war Against God, Baker
Book House, 1989, p. 78)
Hitler's Hatred of Religion
Another reason for the great importance Hitler
attached to the theory of evolution was his seeing the theory as
a weapon against religious belief. Hitler had a great hatred of
divine religions. Moral virtues such as compassion, mercy, and humility,
ordered by divine religions, represented a great obstacle to the
ruthless and warrior Aryan type the Nazis wanted to create. For
this reason, once the Nazis came to power in 1933 they tried to
turn German society back to its old pagan beliefs. The swastika,
a symbol from the old pagan cultures, was a sign of this return.
The Nazi ceremonies held in every corner of Germany were a return
to the ancient pagan rites. The idea of evolution, an inheritance
from pagan cultures, fitted in exceedingly well with the ideology
of Nazism for this reason. Hitler once revealed his attitude toward
Christianity when he bluntly stated that religion is an:
...organized lie [that] must be smashed. The State
must remain the absolute master. When I was younger, I thought it
was necessary to set about [destroying religion] ...with dynamite.
I've since realized there's room for a little subtlety .... The
final state must be ... in St. Peter's Chair, a senile officiant;
facing him a few sinister old women... The young and healthy are
on our side ... Our peoples had previously succeeded in living all
right without this religion. I have six divisions of SS men absolutely
indifferent in matters of religion. (A. Hitler, Hitler's Secret
Conversations 1941-1944, With an introductory essay on The Mind
of Adolf Hitler by H.R. Trevor-Roper, Farrar, Straus and Young,
New York, p. 117, 1953; cited by Jerry Bergman, Darwinism and the
Nazi Race Holocaust, http://www.trueorigin.org/holocaust.htm)
Daniel Gasman revealed the reasons for Hitler's
hatred of religion in his book The Scientific Origins of National
Hitler stressed and singled out the idea of biological
evolution as the most foremost weapon against traditional religion
and he repeatedly condemned Christianity for its opposition to the
teaching of evolution... For Hitler, evolution was the hallmark
of modern science and culture. (Daniel Gasman, The Scientific Origins
of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Earnest Haeckel and the
German Monist League, New York: American Elsevier Press, 1971, p.
Actually, the fundamental cause of the countless
catastrophes visited upon the world in the 20th century was the
character of such people as Hitler and the Nazis who had no religion.
These people who denied the existence of God and believed that human
beings had evolved to become developed animals, saw themselves as
unchecked, with no responsibility to answer to anyone. Because they
had no fear of God and the hereafter they knew no limit to their
immorality and tyranny, and for that reason they mercilessly killed
millions of people. The difficulties and pains there will be in
a society without religion are clearly to be seen in the example
of Hitler. And not just Hitler: as we shall see later Stalin, Mao,
Pol Pot, Franco, Mussolini and the others who drowned the 20th century
in blood were known for being completely devoid of religion. A lesson
must of course be drawn from the nightmare which comes from lack
Whereas those who fear Allah and live by Qur'anic
morality always bring peace, calm, security, plenty, and enlightened
times to a society. People faithful to the religion of Allah never
disturb the peace anywhere in the world, on the contrary they always
encourage compassion, pity, friendship, faithfulness, and co-operation.
The Catastrophes Brought About
by the Darwinist-Fascist Mussolini
In the same way that Hitler determined his policy
by employing Darwinism, so his contemporary and ally Benito Mussolini
made use of Darwinist claims and concepts to set Italy on imperialist
and Fascist foundations.
Mussolini was a thorough Darwinist, who believed
that violence had been a propelling force in history and that war
led to revolution. For him, "the reluctance of England to engage
in war only proved the evolutionary decadence of the British Empire."
(Robert E.D. Clark, Darwin: Before and After, London: Paternoster
Press, 1948, p. 115, cited in Henry M. Morris, The Long War Against
God, Baker Book House, 1989, p. 81)
At the head of the magazine The People of Italy
(Il Popolo d'Italia), which he founded with financial assistance
from the French government, he put the phrase, "He who has iron
will also have bread." In other words he was telling the people
that in order to be able to fill their stomachs they needed the
power to wage war. Mussolini chose the axe as the symbol of Fascism
and the Fascist Party. Because the axe was the symbol of war, violence,
death, and massacre.
Mussolini's conduct, aggressive and prone to violence
like every Fascist, is described in Denis Mack Smith's book. In
his book, Smith stated that one of Mussolini's unchanging beliefs
was aggression and his fundamental instinct was to resort to violence.
(Denis Mack Smith, Mussolini, p. 14)
Like the other Darwinist-Fascists, Mussolini's
warlike, aggressive and oppressive policies led to many people being
massacred, being left without home and family, and to the country's
being left in ruins. Violence and oppression were practised, by
means of the Blackshirts, not only in his own country, but in others
too. In 1935 he occupied Ethiopia, and by 1941 had had 15,000 people
wiped out. He did not delay in backing and justifying his occupation
of Ethiopia with Darwinism's racialist views. According to Mussolini
the Ethiopians were inferior because they were of the black race,
and being governed by a superior race like the Italians should have
been an honour for them.
On the other hand he continued the oppression of
the Muslims which had begun with Italy's occupation of Libya on
Oct. 3, 1911, and actually increased the attacks aimed against Muslims.
The occupation only came to an end with Mussolini's death in an
agreement made on Feb. 10, 1947. During that period 1.5 million
Muslims were martyred and hundreds of thousands wounded.
Mussolini, who has gone down in history for his
ruthlessness and oppression, described the Fascism which he supported
and put into practice in a speech:
Fascism is no longer liberation but tyranny, no
longer the safeguard of the nation but the defense of private interests.
(John P. Diggins, Mussolini and Fascism, Princeton University Press,
1972, p. 15)
As we have seen in the examples from Hitler and
Mussolini, Fascism, where the strong and cruel were right and superior
and where the only way to success and development was brute force,
aggression, violence, and war, was an implementation of Darwin's
claims that "The strong live, the weak die," and led to suffering
The Fascist Franco and the
Oppression He Gave Rise to in Spain
Another of the Fascist oppressors who turned the
20th century into a lake of blood was Franco. He organised the "Falange"
movement in Spain with the support of the Darwinist Fascists Hitler
and Mussolini, and brought great suffering and oppression to the
people of Spain. Franco dragged his people into civil war, turning
brother against brother, father against son.
During the Spanish Civil War an average of 250
people a day were killed in Madrid, 150 in Barcelona, and 80 in
Seville. Some executions were carried out by driving nails into
peoples' heads. Pitiless massacres took place all over the country.
In a little mountain village to the north of Madrid, for example,
31 villagers were arrested because they had not voted for Franco,
and of these 13 were taken out of the village by lorry and killed
by the side of the road. The Fascists entered a town with a population
of 11,000 near Seville and killed more than 300 people. As a result
of the violent events which went on in this way some 800,000 people
were killed in the civil war, and 200,000 more executed by order
of Franco. Millions were injured or crippled.
Franco Gave Hitler the Population of An Entire
Village to Test His Weapons On!
The greatest supporters of the Fascist Franco in
the Civil War were Hitler and Mussolini. Franco did not leave his
allies' support unrewarded: he made one of the cruellest and most
ruthless agreements in history, giving small towns such as Guernica
to the Nazis as a gift for them to test their new weapons on.
On the morning of May 5, 1937, the people of the
small town of Guernica awoke to the death brought by giant bomber
planes and tons of bombs, the new miracles of Nazi technology. The
little town had been abandoned by Franco to the Nazi plane tests.
(Ça?da? Liderler Ansiklopedisi (The Encyclopaedia of Contemporary
Leaders), Vol. 2, p. 669)
This event was only one of the products of this
twisted philosophy which regarded human beings as laboratory animals.
This philosophy, which left thousands of people to die just in order
to test the power of its weapons and which crippled, injured, and
tortured thousands of others, still lives today under different
guises. This will continue for as long as Darwinist philosophy and
similar oppressions which see human beings as a species of animal
and war as the most effective means of progress are kept alive.
Darwinism's Preparatory Role
in the First and Second World Wars
In his book Europe Since 1870 the famous British
professor of history James Joll explains one of the factors leading
to the outbreak of the First World War as being the belief of the
leaders of Europe of the time in Darwinist ideas:
We have seen how Darwinian ideas had a great influence
on the ideology of imperialism at the end of the nineteenth century,
but it is important to realise how literally the doctrine of the
struggle for existence and of the survival of the fittest was taken
by the majority of the leaders of Europe in the years preceding
the First World War. The Austro-Hungarian chief of staff for example,
Franz Baron Conrad von Hoetzendorff, wrote in his memoirs after
Philanthropic religions, moral teachings and philosophical
doctrines may certainly sometimes serve to weaken mankind's struggle
for existence in its crudest form, but they will never succeed in
removing it as a driving motive of the world... It is in accordance
with this great principle that the catastrophe of the world war
came about as the result of the motive forces in the lives of states
and peoples, like a thunderstorm which must by its nature discharge
Seen against this sort of ideological background,
Conrad's insistence on the need for a preventive war in order to
preserve the Austro-Hungarian monarchy becomes comprehensible.
We have seen too how these views were not limited
to military figures, and that Max Weber for example was deeply concerned
with the international struggle for survival. Again Kurt Riezler,
the personal assistant and confidant of the German chancellor Theobald
von Bethmann-Hollweg, wrote in 1914: "Eternal and absolute enmity
is fundamentally inherent in relations between peoples; and the
hostility which we observe everywhere... is not the result of a
perversion of human nature but is the essence of the world and the
source of life itself." (James Joll, Europe Since 1870: An International
History, Penguin Books, Middlesex, 1990, p. 164)
Friedrich von Bernhardi, a First World War general
and German Social Darwinist, was also one of these leaders. "War"
declared Bernhardi "is a biological necessity"; it "is as necessary
as the struggle of the elements of nature";it "gives a biologically
just decision, since its decisions rest on the very nature of things."
(M.F. Ashley-Montagu, Man in Process (New York: World. Pub. Co.
1961) pp. 76, 77 cited in Bolton Davidheiser, W E Lammers (ed) Scientific
Studies in Special Creationism, 1971, p. 338-339)
As we have seen, the First World War emerged because
of the European thinkers, generals, and leaders who saw waging war,
spilling blood, suffering, and inflicting suffering as a kind of
"development" and an immutable law of nature. The ideological inspiration
which dragged this whole generation to ruin with these completely
false ideas was none other than Darwin's concepts of "struggle for
life" and "favoured races." Two years after Bernardi said those
words, the First World War, which was to bring about biological
development (!) began, leaving behind it 8 million dead, hundreds
of cities in ruins, and millions of wounded, crippled, homeless
and unemployed. The roots of the Nazi war, which started 21 years
later and left some 50 million dead, also lie in Darwinism.
Hitler often used to link his policies of war and
genocide to Darwinism. He saw war as not only for eliminating weaker
races, but also as a force for disposing of weaker members of the
master race. Nazi Germany praised war partly for this reason, because
in their twisted thinking war was an essential step for the progress
of the race.
The evolutionist A. E. Wiggam explained "the belief
that war develops men," on which Hitler based his policy, in a book
published in 1922:
... at one time man had scarcely more brains than
his anthropoid cousins, the apes. But, by kicking, biting, fighting
... and outwitting his enemies and by the fact that the ones who
had not sense and strength enough to do this were killed off, man's
brain became enormous and he waxed both in wisdom and agility if
not in size .... (A.E. Wiggam, The New Dialogue of Science, Garden
Publishing Co., Garden City, NY, p. 102, 1922; cited by Jerry Bergman,
Darwinism and the Nazi Race Holocaust, http://www.trueorigin.org/holocaust.htm)
Hitler drew support from evolutionists such as
Wiggam and saw war as an obligation for those who wished to survive.
He stated this openly in Mein Kampf:
The whole world of Nature is a mighty struggle
between strength and weakness-an eternal victory of the strong over
the weak. There would be nothing but decay in the whole of nature
if this were not so. He who would live must fight. He who does not
wish to fight in this world where permanent struggle is the law
of life, has not the right to exist. To think otherwise is to "insult"
nature. Distress, misery and disease are her rejoinders. (Robert
Clark, Darwin: Before and After, Grand Rapids International Press,
Grand Rapids, MI, 1958., s. 115-116; cited by Jerry Bergman, Darwinism
and the Nazi Race Holocaust, http://www.trueorigin.org/holocaust.htm)
With the Darwinists' claims that the strong remained
after the fight for survival and that species developed by this
means being adapted to human societies, wars also began to be viewed
as a necessity for the development of mankind. For example, Hitler
ascribed Germany's greatness to the elimination by war of its weaker
members over the centuries. Although the Germans were no strangers
to war this new "scientific" justification was a force to back up
their warlike policies.
Elsewhere, Hitler had claimed, "human civilization
as we know it would not exist if it were not for constant war" (Jerry
Bergman, Darwinism and the Nazi Race Holocaust, http://www.trueorigin.org/holocaust.htm)
Haeckel proposed, on the subject of war, that the
savage methods of the Spartans, one of the city states that made
up Ancient Greece, should be implemented. He wrote that "by killing
all but the 'perfectly healthy and strong children' the Spartans
were 'continually in excellent strength and vigor'." (Earnest Haeckel,
The History of Creation: Or the Development of the Earth and Its
Inhabitants by the Action of Natural Causes, Appleton, New York,
1876, p. 170; cited by Jerry Bergman, Darwinism and the Nazi Race
War was viewed as "an indispensable regulator"
of populations all over Europe, and not just in Germany. "If it
were not for war," German Social Darwinist Friedrich Von Bernhardi
writes, "we should probably find that inferior and degenerate races
would overcome healthy and youthful ones by their wealth and their
numbers. The generative importance of war lies in this, that it
causes selection, and thus war becomes a biological necessity."
(Theodore D. Hall, The Scientific Background of the Nazi "Race Purification"
As we have seen from our account so far, Hitler
and the Nazi ideologues who supported him saw war as a necessity
with the inspiration they drew from Darwinism. And by implementing
this necessity they visited various miseries on their own people,
and on the other peoples of the world. From this point of view it
will therefore be absolutely correct to identify Charles Darwin
as one of those primarily responsible for the sufferings experienced
in World War II.
Professor Dr. Jerry Bergman demonstrates the effect
of Darwinism on the Second World War:
The evidence is very clear that Darwinian ideas
had a tremendous impact on German thought and practice... In fact,
Darwinian ideas had a tremendous influence on causing WWII, the
loss of 40 million lives, and the waste of about 6 trillion dollars.
Firmly convinced that evolution was true, Hitler saw himself as
the modern savior of humankind... By breeding a superior race, the
world would look upon him as the man who pulled humanity up to a
higher level of evolution. (Marshall Hall, Hitler, Lenin, Stalin,
Mao et al: The Role of Darwinian Evolutionism in Their Lives, http://www.fixedearth.com/hlsm.html)
Of course there had been countless wars in the
world before Darwin put his theory forward. But due to the effects
of his theory, war was for the first time given a false approval
by science. Max Nordau drew attention to Darwin's negative role
in the subject of wars in an article called The Philosophy and Morals
of War, which made waves in America:
The greatest authority of all the advocates of
war is Darwin. Since the theory of evolution has been promulgated,
they can cover their natural barbarism with the name of Darwin and
proclaim the sanguinary instincts of their inmost hearts as the
last word of science. (Max Nordau, The Philosophy and Morals of
War, North American Review 169 (1889):794 cited in Richard Hofstadter,
Social Darwinism in American Thought, Boston: Beacon Press, 1955,
It was no coincidence that the 20th century should
see the bloodiest wars the world has known, coming as it did after
the 19th century, which was formed by the ideas of such materialist
ideologues as Darwin, Marx, and Freud. Darwinism had prepared the
theoretical and so-called scientific ground which would end in war,
and the despots who saw war as indispensable for the growth of humanity
killed a total of 60 million people in both world wars.
Even though Fascist leaders such as Hitler and
Mussolini, and the Nazi organisations linked to them (the SA, the
SS, the Gestapo) or Mussolini's "Blackshirts" today seem like a
thing of the past, Neo-Nazi organisations which follow their ideas
are still active. In recent years in particular, racist and Fascist
movements have re-awoken in many European countries. At the forefront
of these movements come the Neo-Nazis in Germany.
The Neo-Nazis consist of unemployed hooligans,
drug addicts, and bloodthirsty types, and possess all features of
the Fascist mentality. One news article about the Neo-Nazis shows
how attracted they are to blood and violence:
Blood, honour, and fanaticism... It is possible
to sum up the values of the members of the Fascist Olympia Group
in just these three words. Today the organisation has 35,000 members.
And in all their eyes can be seen the inordinate desire to rise.
(Tempo Magazine, 14 July 1991)
|Recently the attacts of Neo-Nazis
The Neo-Nazis have been influenced by the same
Darwinist understanding as their "greats," Hitler and the other
Nazi leaders. On the Internet pages which they set up for Nazi and
racist propaganda it is possible to come across Darwin's words and
praise for Darwin, because Darwin gives support to all the Neo-Nazis'
movements and ideas. In their pages, therefore, they put Darwinism
forward as a theory which must be accepted, without feeling the
need for any evidence.
The attacks and murders the Neo-Nazis carry out
are completely ruthless. Neo-Nazis take pleasure in burning people
to death, frightening them, and torturing little children, and Turks
are one of their main targets. Neo-Nazis reveal their hatred and
enmity of Turks in every corner of their Internet sites, and show
this hatred in action. This statement about Turks appeared in one
For instance, if it were in my power today, I would
like to see a large part of the Turks in gas chambers. (http://chefsseite.tsx.org/)
The name the Neo-Nazis base their enmity of the
Turks on is once again Charles Darwin. The Neo-Nazis think they
are providing a so-called scientific explanation for their hatred
of Turks by making extracts from Darwin's false and unintelligent
claims regarding them. On the last page of this chapter you can
see some Neo-Nazi Internet sites which praise Darwin and show the
kind of things they have to say about the Turkish nation.
Neo-Nazi violence against Turks and other peoples
has recently been on the rise. The Turkish daily Sabah dated August
12, 2000 gave a list of Neo-Nazi attacks during the summer of 2000:
* In June, the windows of the El Rahman Mosque
in the town of Gera in the state of Thüringen were broken.
* Two molotov cocktails were thrown at a Turkish mosque in the small
town of Eppingen in the state of Baden-Württemberg.
* A molotov cocktail was thrown at the Green Mosque in the Utersen
quarter of Pinneberg.
* A building lived in by Turks was set fire to in Memingen.
* In Bocholt a Turkish café and a building lived in by Lebanese
were set on fire. Fourteen people were wounded, one seriously.
- In the East German town of Chemnitz the seven-month-old
baby of an Iraqi family was thrown to the ground. The baby's face
was injured when it hit the concrete. (Sabah Daily, 12 August 2000)
There were much nastier incidents in the recent past. Taking Darwin's
enmity of the Turks as their guide, the Neo-Nazis organised an attack
on Turks in Möln in November 1992. Later, in 1993, five Turks were
burned by Neo-Nazis in Solingen. (San Francisco Examiner, 1 April
1997) The press described this attack as, "The bloodiest racist
attack in German history since the Nazi era." Attacks of this kind
were often seen in the years that followed. Fires were started in
Turks' homes, Turks were beaten and injured. As well as in Germany,
similar attacks took place in Holland. In one attack directed at
Turks a woman and her five children were killed. People who took
part in the mourning march that was held received threatening letters
with swastikas on.
These incidents are just a few of the racist attacks
against Turks. Attacks and murders by these Fascist groups, the
inheritors of Darwin and Fascists such as Hitler, still continue.
Legal measures will not be enough to stop these inhuman groups'
attacks. The sure way to put an end to them is to wage a serious
ideological war alongside the legal measures. The outrages perpetrated
by these people who see racism as a law of nature will not come
to an end so long as Darwinist ideas are not knocked down as science.